On the 1st March 1744 comet C/1743 X1 reached perihelion. Although only the 6th brightest recorded comet. It will be remembered for its striking 6 tails which developed. It reached a blazing apparent magnitude of -7 and was visible during daylight, after it passed by the sun a relatively close 0.2 AU. It has been suggested that the multiple tails occurred due the at least 3 active nucleus, maybe as the comet tore itself apart during perihelion.
It was spotted by a young Charles Messier on whom it had a great effect and lead him down the road of becoming an astronomer.
Comets as bright as these are rare events. A similar but more recent example was comet Mcnaught or the great comet of 2007 as it became known.